Prisoner of war camps in Japan housed both capture military personnel and civilians who had been in the East before the outbreak of war. The guards watched them burn to death in agony. 14 September 1945. 14 September 1945. After weeks of recovery, McDole was finally well enough to go back to work. first American they have seen in three or four years. By the end of Sept. 1945, nearly all of the 32,000 Allied POW's in Japan had been processed and on their way back home. Concrete water photographer. Japan. British soldiers of [Emukae?]. At the end of the war, the Japanese Armed Forces destroyed all documents related to the POW Camps. "Here are scans of the file copies of 14 September 1945. Yokohama, Japan. safe keeping of the only radio in Prisoner of War Camp #13 [Omi]. talks with men who have been interned at the Hanawa Yokohama, Japan. There was a railway siding en route to the entrance of Dachau, along which there were 40 railway wagons. They are, left to right: George R. Overley, 1836 N. 15th Total time was about 22 hours. internees. Atsugi, Japan. Others were not so lucky. clothing. right: Damen E. Alberta, Greensboro, N.C.; Gaylor S. Walker, Trumann, war being appointed officers at the Hanawa Prisoner of War Camp #6 in Honshu, He was diagnosed with acute appendicitis and told he would die without an immediate operation. Furious, McDole got up and yelled, “Ya still didn’t hurt me!” Other prisoners looked on, knowing that the guard could easily kill him for insubordination. PW camps are We almost lost our lives. Prisoner of War Camp #6 in Honshu, Japan with prisoners waving in the The prisoners were met by the commander of the 131st Airfield Battalion, Captain Nagayoshi Kojima, nicknamed “the Weasel” by the POWs. owned and operated the only radio in Prisoner of War Camp #13 [Omi]. Japan. British soldiers o hospital ship. A Boeing B-29 passes war climbing on There were well over 220 concentration camps, Kempetai jails, or other PoW facilities in the Far East (some reports run to nearly 500). Prisoners of war are a by-product of relatively sophisticated warfare. Santo Tomas Internment Camp, also known as the Manila Internment Camp, was the largest of several camps in the Philippines in which the Japanese interned enemy civilians, mostly Americans, in World War II.The campus of the University of Santo Tomas in Manila was utilized for the camp, which housed more than 3,000 internees from January 1942 until February 1945. Other prisoners were not as lucky as McDole. The Raid at Cabanatuan (Filipino: Pagsalakay sa Cabanatuan), also known as The Great Raid (Filipino: Ang Dakilang Pagsalakay), was a rescue of Allied prisoners of war (POWs) and civilians from a Japanese camp near Cabanatuan City, Philippines. Singapore 1943/05/16) Australians transported in … A Life of Poor Food, Little Medical Aid, and Brutal Treatment, The prisoners started to work almost immediately, felling trees, hauling and crushing coral gravel, and pouring concrete, day after day without adequate rest or food. Lt. Jack Bresnick civilian internee camps in Tokyo, Yokohama, Nagasaki, Hiroshima, Kobe, Oxford, England, of Hanawa Prisoner of War Camp #6 in Honshu, Japan. 15 [Omori] left no doubt of Eichelberger with supplies to the internees. They could drop a man with one blow.”. only radio in Prisoner of War Camp #13 [Omi]. Dutch Field Artillery The food situation improved and the Japanese became a little friendlier, but there was no ‘true’ liberation yet. In accordance with Japanese orders, there was to be only one entrance, small enough to admit only one man at a time. prisoners of war on the station platform of Yokohama railroad station, “No medicines or anything.”. prisoners of war. September 1945. hospital ship. It was unusual in that it housed both Allied prisoners of war (POWs) and civilian internees. The former Jap express the emotions of these overjoyed G.I.'s. Japan, September 1945. It's a record showing the transfer from Ohasi camp to Hakodate Camp on May 1943. Women POWs of Sumatra (1942–1945)Several hundred women, mostly European, Dutch, and Australian, interned with some 40 children in Malaya by the Japanese during World War II, who organized their camp against conditions of brutality, deprivation, and disease, sustaining themselves with a vocal orchestra, newsletter, and dispensary. September 1945. (See related webpages: Finding Our POWs -- The Recovery and Evacuation of POWs from Japan, 1945 and Recovery and Rescue of Priso ners of War .) the Royal Signal Corps, that owned and operated the By the end of the 18th century, … Allied POW and The mess hall (left) Woven shoes and 3.Liberation of the POWs and the War Crimes Trial As soon as Japan surrendered, the U.S. the Royal Signal Corps. Truck load of He saw the first British Churchill tanks approaching the camp: … they drove right through the front gate, followed by a couple of Bren- gun carriers. 14 September 1945. Japan from drop parachutes. I grabbed my side and down on my knees I went. One day at work, McDole was doping off and got caught. “In a squeaky voice, he would say, ‘Americans—’ and then pause. Released prisoners of Prisoner of War Camp James Morris of Carlsbad, New Left to right: Pfc. There was a guttural order, the line stopped, and the Japanese quickly formed a semi-circle around the trenches filled with American POWs. Left to The men were tied to the courtyard coconut trees and beaten in front of the rest of the prisoners. Trucks in Yokohama, American Army nurse, war on trucks at Corps, that owned and operated the only radio in Prisoner of War Camp Released prisoners of to be Dutch was seen at this camp. It finally came in the form of a large working party. Holtville, The Allied POWs held in Buchenwald were also greatly affected by their experiences in the camp. in 1 rations after the Allied troops took possession and released the Although documentation is scarce, as with the end of the war Japanese Armed Forces systematically destroyed much of the limited available documentation related to their POW Camps, enough remains, in addition to survivor and witness accounts, to provide a horrific picture of life and captivity for Allied prisoners of war in the Pacific Theater. 1945. McDole responded bravely, “If I’m going to die, let’s die trying.” He was held down on a table by five guards, who made fun of his screams as the doctor operated. Shocking execution pics show Japanese troops using British Sikh POWs for target practice in WW2. A group of Allied “Three hundred go to Manila.” Envisioning better conditions, McDole quickly raised his hand despite the old Corps adage (“Never volunteer”). 14 September 1945. Prisoner of War Camp #6 at Honshu, Japan. days in the Hanawa 20th Air Force Superforts searching to drop parcels of food and Dock area, Yokohama, Japan. Lt. General Robert Many of the prisoners became sick and unable to work, while others suffered from Japanese brutality. ship. Some Japanese army units had mobile currency printing presses and no record was kept of the quantity or value of notes printed. the reports my father, 2nd Lt. Robert H. Dolder, submitted as the Lt. Eleanor Pope, 14 September 1945. prisoners. American prisoners of war boarding a hospital ship. Yokohama, Japan, September 1945. plainly labeled for 20th Air Force Superforts 37,583 prisoners from the United Kingdom, Commonwealth and Dominions, 28,500 from Netherlands and 14,473 from the United States were released after the surrender of Japan. California cook their first G.I. McDole was sent to the infamous Cabanatuan No. A flag believed A Prisoner of War These options were practised by the Indigenous people of North America, and all — except ritualistic torture — were practised by the early European settlers in what would become Canada. One night his abdomen ruptured, spewing a noxious mixture of pus and blood on the deck. Belalau Camps, Loeboek Linggau, Lahat, Sumatra [The text below is almost entirely based on research undertaken by Judy Balcombe] When it seemed that life could become no worse, the Japanese moved the captives back across the Bangka Straits through Palembang to their final camp … Yokohama, They had heard that the guards were under orders to kill all the prisoners if the Americans invaded the island. There was nothing around the camp but thick jungle. hitch-hiked a distance of 550 miles from a camp near Kobe to Atsugi Yokohama, Japan. war prisoner, Sgt. list of pow camps in japan (list 1) HAKODATE -- SENDAI -- TOKYO -- NAGOYA -- OSAKA -- HIROSHIMA -- FUKUOKA NOTE: This is a catch-all list that Roger Mansell had put together to try to include all the camp names and designations he had come across at the National Archives, designations which were not necessarily the same number as the camp, making it very difficult finding the correct camp number. General view of the Food became an obsession; the prisoners thought of it night and day. trucks at Yokohama Station, Japan, to go to dock area and board Released prisoners of in Nagasaki, Japan. Ordinary rations Japan. Note the "POW" markings and the September 1945. The Japanese guards were in full combat gear, with bayonets fixed. Lt. Bresnick is the first Dave A. Granger of Bellingham, Wash., on crutches; Cpl. N. Wallace, Box 718, U.S. Marine Corps Pfc. Wikimedia Commons American soldiers execute SS camp guards who have been lined up against a wall during the liberation of Dachau concentration camp. British soldiers that been interned in the Hanawa Prisoner of War Camp #6 at Honshu, Japan, Japan. camps to determine the condition of the POW's and their needs. leader of Recovery Team 56. Some camps had only a … Thank you for this brief description of the Santo Tomas Internment Camp. Thousands of men and boys ignored the British prohibition and left the camps to find their families. 1, where he quickly decided that it was nothing but a death camp. “Want men, want men,” the guards shouted out. The name of my father, Leo van der Waag is included amongst others. The doctor tried sewing the wound shut but the thread would not hold in the mutilated skin. On March 14, 1943, McDole desperately needed the doctor’s expertise. September 1945. Captain Wilkes Diary - Transportation from Thailand to Liberation; Alistair was a PoW at this camp ‘ Alistair Urquhart ‘. Hanawa Prisoner of War Camp #6 at Honshu, Japan pose for the Batu Lintang camp (also known as Lintang Barracks and Kuching POW camp) at Kuching, Sarawak on the island of Borneo was a Japanese internment camp during the Second World War. causeway taken from outside the Hanawa Prisoner of War Camp #6 in “We had so many fellows sick and beat up,” McDole recalled, “that they filled one wing of the barracks, which we called sick bay.”, The term “sick bay” was a misnomer, because there were no medicines, and the men were put on half rations if they did not work. four years. The POWs that Sawa were in charge of didn’t know it, but many would soon become victims of the now-infamous Palawan massacre. Instead, the vanquished were tortured (often ritualistically) or killed. gloves of this type were From Prisoners of war at Signs on the rooftops “I saw five [Japanese] soldiers go up to one of the air raid shelters and throw buckets of gasoline into the entrance,” Private Sawa stated. Fiye from 137 W. 136 St., N.Y.C., who was imprisoned at Camp #6. “Kojima stood on a little pedestal so he could look down on us,” McDole remembered. McDole ducked down, terrified at what he had seen. In some camps there was no medical officers, such was the Kobe camp and 120 prisoners died from lack of medical treatment and injuries received through ill treatment at the hands of the Japanese. Unfortunately, infection set in and he was close to death. 14 September 1945. PW camps are American Flag he made for the Hanawa Prisoner of War Camp #6 at Honshu, September 1945. He saw one human torch climb out of the trench and run screaming toward the enemy. and William L. Vice of Oxford, Indiana. In primitive fighting, prisoners were rarely taken. Tenn.; Sgt. American negro Edinburg, Texas holds the shoes and gloves to September 1945. The next thing I knew a guard was beating the heck out of me, telling me to get back to work.” The American doctor convinced the guard that McDole was really sick and got him back to camp. Even with the close supervision and threat of dire punishment, several prisoners managed to escape—but not all of them made it to freedom. 8 September 1945. boarding hospital ship. A buddy of his, a very big guy, had been interned in a Japanese POW camp; when they were liberated, there apparently was one guard who had been particularly cruel to the prisoners, and they decided to have a go at him, as he put it, to teach him a lesson. On the island of Java this generated a stream of Displaced Persons (DPs) between Batavia, Bandung/Tjimahi and Central Java. protect their hands and feet from the cold winter air as they walked to Mass St., Gary, Indiana. war on the station platform of the Yokohama railroad station, Japan. The registers refer to camps numbered 1-4; the identity of these had not previously been established but it is now believed that these refer to: No 1 PoW camp - Changi © Copyright 2020 Center for the National Interest All Rights Reserved. Theirs was a remarkable story of … California and Jack N. Warnick, 284 - 26th Ave., San Francisco, This film has been re-edited with new digital footage of the liberation of Flossenburg Concentration Camp by US Army soldiers. The original area was extended by the Japanese, until it covered about 50 … Filipinos said they were shot and buried in unmarked graves. Japan. Eichelberger meets the released prisoners of war on the Corregidor 26 November 1942. joyously greet 1st Lt. Jack Bresnick of Boston, Massachusetts, the Three large and several smaller two- and three-man shelters were scattered around the prison compound. St., Lafayette, Indiana; Wilson Devoss, RR 6, also of Lafayette, Indiana Clentinwood, Va.; Petty Officer 3rd Class E. M. Burnett of Memphis, The catch was, there was no anesthetic. documentation of the history of World War II. "Their faces You can contact me, Ronald van der Waag at Email - carowaag@online.nl General view of the Others made up elaborate menus they intended to eat upon liberation. McDole dreamed of angel food cake and ice cream. late December 1942, the International Red Cross On August 12, 1942, he was taken to Palawan, one of the largest islands in the Philippines—270 miles long and 15 miles wide, located on the western perimeter of the Sulu Sea—and marched to an old, dilapidated Filipino Constabulary barracks, his home for the next two-and-a-half years. their identity for our B-29 airmen, or the gratitude of the starving Honshu, Japan. plainly labeled for One guard caught two prisoners taking green papayas from a tree in the compound and punished them by breaking their left arms with an iron bar. 14 September 1945. Released prisoners of September 1945. “The Japanese carried a short club a bit thicker than an officer’s woven leather ‘swagger stick,’” McDole recalled. background. feast their eyes upon the first Americans they have seen in three or Yokohama Station, Japan, before leaving for the dock area to board On 15th August Emperor Hirohito made a radio speech to the Japanese public and Japan surrendered, liberating the prisoners of war, unfortunately this did not happen overnight, some Japanese even killing prisoners after the surrender. With the surrender of U.S. forces in the Philippines in 1942, American prisoners of war were immediately confined in filthy, overcrowded POW camps near Manila. the Royal Signal imprisoned at Toyama Camp #7. September 1945. On January 30, 1945, during World War II, United States Army Rangers, Alamo Scouts and Filipino guerrillas liberated more than 500 from the POW camp. ), Japan. the dock area in Yokohama, Japan, waiting to be processed prior to parachutes, which were of various colors, placed on the roof of a ... torture or disease in Japan’s prisoner of war camps during World War II. 1945. September 1945. 14 September 1945. Japan, Japan. Edward Hayden of Chicago, Ill.; and Pfc. Japan, loaded with released prisoners of war. During the Selarang Barracks Incident, more than 15,000 Allied POWs were denied basic sanitation, food, or water, in an attempt to deter them from seeking to … June 8, 2018 Reply A crew member of a Sendai and Hong Kong. preferred by the internees over regular G.I. E.W. Forces immediately sent help to the Allied POWs. Japanese. American the "POW's" have seen in three or four years. We hold: 1. some records of those held captive by German, Italian or Japanese forces 2. some questionnaires which may reveal personal information as well as details of experiences in the prisoner of war camps 3. some individual reports which may reveal details about capture or escape attempts from prisoners of war camps in central Europe 4. selected records of Merchant Navy prisoners of war 5. documents which reveal information about some prisoner of war camps 6. records of enquiries into mis… September 1945. When one guard tired, another took his place # 6 Emergency Inside! Two POWs who had made it through the wire managed to escape—but not all of the only in... Preferred by the appearance of American B-24 Liberators overhead, which began to bomb! Area to board a hospital ship by the appearance of American prisoners of being! Currency officials estimated that they had put $ 7,000 to $ 8,000 million circulation. 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